Publications

Title 2016 Human Resources Development Indicators in Korea
Date 2016.08.02
Attachment c01623_fulltext.pdf 
Ⅰ. Employment

1. Participation in Economic Activities
1) Economically Active Population by Gender	 3
2) Labor Force Participation Rate by Age	 4
3) Labor Force Participation Rate by Educational Level	 5

2. Employed and Unemployed Population
1) Composition of Employment by Industry	 6
2) Employment Rate by Age Group	 7
3) Discourage Workers	 8
4) Unemployment Rate by Age Group	 9
5) Unemployment Rate by Educational Attainment	 10

3. Economically Active Youth Population
1) Trends in the Economically Active Youth Population	 11
2) Additional Survey on the Economically Active YouthPopulation	 12
3) Total and Youth Unemployment Rates	 13

4. Wage
1) Wages by Industry and Gender	 14
2) Labor Productivity Index	 16

5. International Comparison of Labor Market
1) Employment Rates: Total	 17
2) Employment Rates for the 15-24 Age Group	 18
3) Employment Rates for the 25-54 Age Group	 19
4) Employment Rates for the 55-64 Age Group	 20
5) Average Hours Actually Worked	 21



Ⅱ. Lifelong Vocational Education &Industry-Academia Collaboration

1. Secondary Vocational Education
1) Schools, Students and Teachers of High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutes by Academic Field	 25
2) Regional Distribution of High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutes	 26
3) Enrollment of Middle School Graduates	 28
4) Ratio of Vocational High Schools among High Schools	 28
5) Meister High Schools	 29
6) Teachers in Meister High Schools	 29
7) High School Dropout Rate by Academic Field	 30
8) Career Path after Graduation from High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutions(Vocational High Schools)	 31
9) Career Path after Graduation from High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutions(Specialized High Schools)	 32
10) Employment and Enrollment after Graduation from Specialized/Meister Schools	 32
11) School Admission after Graduation from High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutions(Vocational High Schools)	 33
12) School Admission after Graduation from High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutions(Specialized High Schools)	 34
13) College Freshmen by High School Type	 34
14) Status after High School Graduation	 35
15) Types of Occupational Fields for Employees Graduated from High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutions(Vocational High Schools)	 36
16) Types of Occupational Fields for Employees Graduated from High-School-Level Vocational Education Institutions(Specialized High Schools)	 37

2. Higher Vocational Education
1) Number of Junior Colleges	 38
2) Number of Students Enrolled in Junior Colleges	 39
3) Number of Students Enrolled in Junior Colleges by Academic Field	 40
4) Number of Junior College Entrants	 41
5) Admission Rate for Junior Colleges	 42
6) Student Recruitment for Junior Colleges	 43
7) Educational Conditions of Institutions Offering Junior College Courses	 44
8) Age Distribution of enrolled students by Institutes Offering Junior College Courses	 45
9) Age Distribution of Students Admitted to Junior Colleges	 46
10) Age Distribution of Students Enrolled in Junior Colleges	 47
11) Number of Junior College Faculty Members by Type of Establishment	 48
12) Female Junior College Faculty Members	 49
13) Number of Students per Full-time Lecturer	 50
14) Junior College Courses by Course Size	 51
15) Proportions of Lectures Given by Full Time/Part Time Lecturers in Junior Colleges	 52
16) Average Junior College Tuition Fee	 53
17) Change in University and Junior College Graduates	 53
18) Age Distribution of Junior College Graduates	 54
19) Employment of Junior College Graduates	 55
20) Employment of Graduates from Higher Education Institutions	 56

3. Lifelong Vocational Education
1) Overview of Lifelong Education	 57
2) Status of Lifelong Education	 58
3) Types of Lifelong Education Institutes	 59
4) Characteristics of Lifelong Education Institutions	 60
5) Lifelong Education Programs by Theme	 61
6) Lifelong Education Participation Rate	 62
7) Job-Related Non-Formal Education Participation Rate	 63
8) Lifelong Education Participation Hours	 64
9) Main Obstacles to Participation in Lifelong Education	 65

4. Industry-Academia Collaboration
1) Operation of Contract Based Departments	 66
2) Technical Colleges and Corporate Universities	 67
3) Startup Clubs	 68
4) LINC (Leaders in Industry ? University Cooperation) Outcome of the Program after the 3rd Year	 68
5) LINC (Leaders in Industry ? Junior College Cooperation) Outcome of the Program after the 3rd Year	 69
6) Technology Transfer Revenue and Contracts Signed by Industry-Academia Collaboration Center	 70
7) Operation of Contract Majors	 70



Ⅲ. Vocational Education & Training(VET)

1. Participation in Vocational Education and Training by Individuals
1) Proportion of VET Experience of Paid Workers by Demographics	 73
2) Total Annual VET Hours of Paid Workers by Demographics	 74
 
2. Practice of VET by Companies
1) Average Monthly VET Expenditure per Worker by Company Size	 75
2) Trends in Total VET Expenditure per Person	 76
3) Trends in Implementation of VET in Enterprises by Method	 77
4) Trends in Implementation of VET in Enterprises by Field	 78
5) Trends in Organizations and Personnel Dedicated to VET in Enterprises	 79
6) HRD Index Trends	 80
 
3. Implementation of VET Projects by Government
1) Budget and Results of VET Projects by Year	 81
2) VET Project for the Employed by Year	 83
3) Incumbent Worker Participation of Employer-Sponsored VET by Business Size	 84
4) Employer-Sponsored Participation in VET by Gender, Age and Years of Service	 85
5) VET for the Unemployed by Year	 86
6) Participation in VET for Key National Strategic Industries by Demographics and Industry Type	 87
7) Employment Rate after VET for Key National Strategic Industries by Field of Training	 88
8) Monthly Account Opening Trends for VET Account Program	 89
9) Employment and Completion Rate in VET Account Program by Demographics in 2014	 90
10) Training Participation and Completion Rate in VET Account Program by Region in 2014	 92
11) Employment Rate for VET Account Program by Demographics in 2014	 93
12) Results of Training Program Review for VET Account System	 94
13) Eligible Training Program List Review Results under VET Account System	 95
14) Organizations Participating in VET	 97

4. Miscellaneous
1) Status of National, Public, and Private Employment Security Offices	 98
2) Job Placement by Type of Employment Security Office	 99
3) International Comparison of Public Spending on VET Relative to GDP	 100



Ⅳ. Career Education

1. Career Education
1) School Career Education Yearly Plans and Groups	 103
2) Spaces for Implementing Career Education in Schools	 103
3) Career Education Networks and Usage of Career Experience Sites per School Level 	 104

2.Implementation of Career Education and Participation Levels
1) “Career and Vocational Studies” Subject Selection and Implementation	 105
2) “Career and Vocational Studies” Subject Implementation Periods	 105
3) School Career Psychological Test Implementation	 106
4) Career Psychological Test Implementation Methods	 106
5) Participation Levels per School Career Activity	 107
6) School Career Experience Activity Participation and Desire for Future Participation	 107

3. Career Path and Career Education Awareness
1) Job Types Desired by High School Students	 108
2) University Majors Desired by High School Students	 109
3) School Administrator Awareness Level Regarding School Career Education	 110
4) Teacher Awareness Level Regarding School Career Education	 110

4.Requirements for Implementing Career Education
1) Required Elements for Implementing School Career Education	 111
2) Usage of Career Education Materials and Future Demands (Students)	 112
3) Career Education Material Usage and Future Demands (career guidance teacher)	 113

5. Achievements of Career Education
1) Existence of a Desired Job	 114
2) Changes in the Rate of Students with Desired Careers (Career Objectives)	 114
3) Student Career Development Capacity Levels	 114



Ⅴ. Qualification

1. National Technical Qualifications
1) Qualifications in Korea	117
2) National Technical Qualifications: Qualifications by Competent Ministry	 118
3) National Technical Qualifications: Qualifications by Job Type	 120
4) Applicants for National Technical Qualifications	 122
5) National Technical Qualifications Acquired	 123
6) National Technical Qualifications Acquired by Gender and by Year	 124
7) National Technical Qualifications Acquired by Junior College Students by Field	 125

2. Private Qualifications and Development of National Competency Standards
1) Registered Private Qualifications by Year	 126
2) Accumulated Number of Authorized Private Qualifications by Year	 126
3) Development of National Competency Standards	 127